“Historical Chronology: 1900 Present – Israeli-Palestinian – ProCon.Org.” Israeli-Palestinian, May 17, 2021, israelipalestinian.procon.org/historical-timeline-1900-present. Israel is the only Jewish state in the world and is located east of the Mediterranean. The Palestinians, the Arab population that comes from the land that Israel now controls, refer to the region as Palestine and want to establish a state with that name on all or part of the same land. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict revolves around who gets what land and how it is controlled. Although Arab Jews and Muslims date their claims to the land a few thousand years ago, the current political conflict began in the early 20th century. Jews fleeing persecution in Europe wanted to establish a national home in what was then an Arab- and Muslim-majority territory in the Ottoman and later British empires. The Arabs resisted and saw the country as legitimately their land. A first United Nations plan to give each group a piece of the land failed, and Israel and the surrounding Arab nations fought several wars in the region. Today`s lines largely reflect the results of two of these wars, one of which took place in 1948 and the other in 1967. With respect to Israel`s plan, the Court noted that “requests for a five percent reduction in electricity supply in three of the ten power lines supplying electricity from Israel to the Gaza Strip at a level of 13.5 megawatts in two of the lines and 12.5 megawatts in the third line, we [the Court] were convinced that this reduction did not violate the humanitarian obligations of the State of Israel in the context of the armed conflict between it and the Hamas organization that controls the Gaza Strip.
Our conclusion is based, in part, on the respondents` affidavit, which states that the Palestinian officials concerned stated that they could reduce the load if the power lines were restricted and that they had used this capacity in the past. After several years of fruitless negotiations, the conflict erupted again in September 2000 under the name of the Second Intifada.  The violence, which escalated into an open conflict between the Palestinian National Security Forces and the Israel Defense Forces, continued until 2004/2005 and left an estimated 130 people dead. In 2005, Israeli Prime Minister Sharon ordered the withdrawal of Israeli settlers and soldiers from Gaza. Israel and its Supreme Court have officially declared an end to the occupation, saying they have “no effective control over what happened in Gaza.”  However, the United Nations, Human Rights Watch, and many other international bodies and NGOs continue to view Israel as the occupying power in the Gaza Strip, as Israel controls the Gaza Strip`s airspace and territorial waters and controls the movement of people or goods to or from the Gaza Strip by air or sea.    The ceasefire was brokered by Egypt because neither the U.S. nor Israel spoke directly with Hamas. Egypt has been the interlocutor in concluding the series of wars between Israel and Hamas, including the last two major clashes in 2008 and 2014. Oslo Two agreements were agreements between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The Oslo Accords marked the beginning of a peace process aimed at a peace treaty.
And by realizing the “right of the Palestinian people to self-determination.” The Oslo process began after secret negotiations in Oslo, Norway. This led to the recognition of the State of Israel by the PLO and, conversely, to the recognition of the PLO by Israel as the representative of the Palestinian people. Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians have fled or been driven from their homes, what they call Al Nakba or the “catastrophe.” In reality, it is a territorial conflict between a nation-state, Israel, with one of the most powerful and best-funded armies in the world and an indigenous population of Palestinians occupied, expelled and exiled for decades. Lately, it seems that the only thing in the news has been the fighting that is taking place between Israel and Palestine and how it has intensified in recent weeks. When I see the media coverage, my heart breaks for the innocent lives that have been lost. When the topic of Israel and Palestine is brought up in the conversation, I realized that most Americans don`t understand the reason for the conflict and what is being discussed. Here is a brief overview to understand what the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is and why it is unfolding? In 2013, the United States sought to revive the peace process between the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank. However, peace talks were halted when Fatah – the Palestinian Authority`s ruling party – formed a unity government with its rival Hamas faction in 2014. Hamas, a spin-off of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood founded in 1987 after the first intifada, is one of the two main Palestinian political parties and was designated as a foreign terrorist organization by the United States in 1997. In 1993, Israeli officials led by Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leaders of the Palestine Liberation Organization, led by Yasser Arafat, sought a peaceful solution through what became known as the Oslo Peace Process. A decisive step in this process was Arafat`s letter of appreciation for Israel`s right to exist. In 1993, the Oslo Accords were finalized as a framework for future Israeli-Palestinian relations.
The heart of the Oslo Accords was that Israel would gradually cede control of the Palestinian territories to the Palestinians in exchange for peace. The Oslo process was delicate and progressed in seizures and beginnings, the trial took a turn in the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin and was eventually dissolved when Arafat and Ehud Barak failed to reach an agreement at Camp David in July 2000. Robert Malley, US President Bill Clinton`s special assistant on Arab-Israeli affairs, confirmed that while Barak Arafat did not make a formal written offer, the US presented peace concepts that were considered by the Israeli side but went unanswered by Arafat. and its own specific counter-proposal”.  As a result, there are various reports on the proposals reviewed.    Jeremy Bowen, bbc`s Middle East editor, said the latest wave of violence in May was the fourth major war between Hamas and Israel since 2008. Jerusalem was divided between Israeli forces in the west and Jordanian forces in the east. Shlaim (2000) notes that by April 1948, the forces of what Israel would become had begun a new offensive strategy that included the destruction of Arab villages and the forced withdrawal of civilians. .